Who is George Orwell Anyway?
George Orwell a.k.a Eric Blair was born in 1903 in Motihari, Bengal. He was one of two children, his mother took his sister and him to England and he would not see his father until 1907. He started school at the Anglican Parish school, but impressed his teachers so much that he was recommended for one of the most successful prep schools in England, and there he finished his education. He received scholarships to multiple colleges, Wellington and Eton, he attended Wellington for just one term before switching to Eton. At Eton some of the teachers would claim that he was disrespectful, but others would disagree. He did not further his education after Eton, instead he joined the Indian Imperial Police in Burma. After realizing that he hated imperialism he returned to England. It was then he adopted the pen name of George Orwell and began writing. As most writers do, Orwell lived in poverty for several years, at times he was even homeless. Eventually Orwell found work as a school teacher until he fell ill, and was forced to take up work in a secondhand book shop.
Then, the Spanish Civil War broke out, and Orwell volunteered to fight against the republicans and a Nationalist uprising. After being shot in the neck, and almost having his wife, Eileen, and himself arrested, Orwell and Eileen fled Spain. Orwell’s overall views were against Stalin, always, even after we was done fighting and Spain and had left. Orwell was married to Eileen O’Shaughness from 1936 to 1945, in 1945 Eileen died during an operation. Before Eileen died Orwell and Eileen had adopted a son. Shortly before Orwell’s death he married Sonia Brownell. Orwell spent his last four years of life in the hospital until he died in 1949 of Tuberculosis.
During Orwell’s lifetime he wrote many novels, they include, Burmese Days, A Clergyman’s Daughter, Keep the Aspidistra Flying, Coming Up for Air, Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. Most of Orwell’s novels were semi-autobiographical,Burmese Days was inspired by his period working as an imperial policeman and is fictionalized; Down and Out in Paris and London records his experiences tramping and teaching in those two cities; The Road to Wigan Pier is initially a study of poverty in the north of England, but ends with an extended biographical essay of Orwell’s experiences with poverty; and Homage to Catalonia recounts his experiences volunteering to fight fascism in anarchist Catalonia during the Spanish Civil War (Fenwick). George Orwell’s stories have inspired many dystopian films, and just films based on his books (Animal Farm).
Along with multiple books, Orwell wrote MANY essays. Orwell got at least one essay published every year from 1931 to 1949. The subjects of these essays ranged from all different categories.